Tulsa Oklahoma History
A local poet named Phetote Mshairi performs in front of a crowd of about three dozen onlookers on a sweltering May evening in Tulsa, Oklahoma, on May 4, 2017. President Donald Trump plans to hold a rally in the city of Tulsa on Saturday, May 6, 2018, and it will be his first visit to Oklahoma City, a city still haunted by the 1921 Tulsa racial massacre that killed more than 300 blacks. When the 1921 Tulsa racial massacre took place, killing an estimated 300 people and injuring 800 African Americans, it was a historic moment that many of us have never heard of, even those who were born and raised in our great city of Tulsa.
In 1921, the proud and wealthy black community of Tulsa suffered a brutal massacre: up to 300 black Tulsans were murdered by white residents, and a thriving Oklahoma City neighborhood burned down. Black residents retreated to their homes as a group of white vigilantes spread out across the city and attacked all the blacks they encountered.
After failed attempts to restore dignity to Greenwood residents, Tulsa city planners took action in 1921 to restore dignity, use the public works zone, and build a new Tulsa Union Depot a year after the Tulsa massacre. The perfect example of this progress is quake Black Wall Street, based in Greenwood, a neighborhood in Tulsa, Oklahoma. In 1906, the family of a wealthy black man, Charles E. Brown, moved to racially segregated Tulsa, Oklahoma, and bought 40 acres of land in the city's Greenwood neighborhood.
He had just been appointed to a commission set up by the Oklahoma Legislature to investigate the mass graves in connection with the Tulsa massacre. To give the plot a twist, the author cites the "Tulsa 1921 racial unrest" that his novel explores. Black Wall Street, "which is expected to be re-enacted on screen, was shot in a Tulsa hotel room.
The collection of the Tulsa Historical Society Museum includes items related to what is historically known as the "Tulsa Racial Riots." A digital archive provides primary sources that public historians can use to bring to life the deep history of Tulsa, Oklahoma. The Tulsa Historical Library's collection of more than 1,000 books, magazines and newspapers is also available at the Tulsa Historical Society Museum.
A comprehensive investigation of the incident is contained in the book Tulsa Race Riot 1921: Study Oklahoma in 1921, published February 28, 2001 by the Oklahoma Historical Society Museum and the University of Oklahoma Center for the Study of Tulsa History. Oklahoma legislators passed House Bill 2468 to create the Tulsa Race Riot Commission, which would investigate the bloodshed and destruction and report on the causes and consequences of racial violence in Tulsa, Oklahoma during the 1920s and 1930s. The racial unrest in Tulsa culminated in a series of violent clashes between African Americans and whites on July 1, 1921.
The original Red Cross report has been almost forgotten, and the Tulsa Historical Society Museum has had to behave like a museum dedicated to the Tulsa racial massacre.
In addition to public relations, Ebony Partners has developed a series of films about Tulsa history, some of which are on international tours. Tulsa 21 is one of several local productions to help Tulsa understand its dark past. The first 10 minutes of the series premiere focus on the tragic events of June 1, 1921, the day after the Tulsa riots. Early in the morning of June 1, 1919, white rioters invaded the affluent Greenwood District, also known as Black Wall Street, where they began to looted the community, set buildings on fire, and even bomb from private planes.
In 1921, Tulsa, Oklahoma's Greenwood District, known as Black Wall Street, was the scene of one of the largest and most violent riots in U.S. history. The African-American side of Tulsa, when Tulsa was involved in the oil industry, was known as the "black side," where black Tulsa residents lived, worked and spent time relaxing while traveling to work in white Tulsa. The Greenwood District of Oklahoma, now part of what is now Oklahoma City, grew up in the early 20th century as the home of many black and white families and many African Americans.
Racism was still around the turn of the 20th century, and it was most evident in Tulsa's Greenwood District, but Oklahoma was not immune to the struggle for civil rights. In what is now known as the Black Wall Street Massacre of 1921, a mob of white residents attacked a group of African Americans on the black side of Greenwood Street. The massacre fueled fire and fury in at least 26 cities, including Oklahoma City, Tulsa and other parts of Oklahoma and New York City.
In fact, newspapers didn't even print information about the race riots in Tulsa, U.S. Senator James Lankford of Oklahoma told CNN affiliate KFOR in 2018. The Tulsa racial massacre was not mentioned again until the late 1990s, when a state commission was formed to document the incident. In fact, no one knew about it, "Tulsa City Council member and former Tulsa mayor John G. Brown told USA Today.